Dental Assisting II

Course Description:

Concluding their investigation of Dental Assisting 2, students will:
• Learn about pharmacology.
• Learn about emergency management.
• Learn about the dental office and basic chairside assisting.
• Learn about basic chairside instruments and tray systems.
• Learn about instrument transfer and maintaining the operating field.
• Learn about anesthesia and sedation.
• Learn about dental radiography, radiographic equipment, and safety protection.
• Learn about production and evaluation of dental radiographs.
• Learn about extraoral and digital radiography.
• Learn about endodontics
• Learn about oral and maxillofacial surgery.
• Learn about dental implants.
• Learn about oral pathology.
• Learn about orthodontics.

Course Details:

Course Title (District): Dental Assisting II
Course Title (NCES SCED) : Dental Science
Course Provider : Genesee ISD
Content Provided By : Fuel Education LLC (formerly Aventa Learning)
Online Instructor Provided By : Fuel Education LLC (formerly Aventa Learning)
Standards Addressed : None
Academic Terms : Open Entry / Open Exit
NCES SCED Code :
Subject Area : Health Care Sciences
Course Identifier : Dental Science
Course Level : (G) General or Regular
Available Credit : 1
Sequence : 2 of 3

How To Enroll:

Enrollment Website : https://www.gennet.us/
Email : [email protected]
Phone : 866.912.8588

Students and Parents: It is important to work closely with your local school counselor or registrar to follow the school's enrollment procedures. By clicking the "Start Registration Request" button below, you will be able to notify the school of your interest in registering for the online course. However, it is the responsibility of the district or school to review the registration request and approve or deny the request. Please make a note to follow up with your school after submitting a registration request.

Start Registration Request

Additional Course Information:

Concluding their investigation of Dental Assisting 2, students will:
• Learn about pharmacology.
• Learn about emergency management.
• Learn about the dental office and basic chairside assisting.
• Learn about basic chairside instruments and tray systems.
• Learn about instrument transfer and maintaining the operating field.
• Learn about anesthesia and sedation.
• Learn about dental radiography, radiographic equipment, and safety protection.
• Learn about production and evaluation of dental radiographs.
• Learn about extraoral and digital radiography.
• Learn about endodontics
• Learn about oral and maxillofacial surgery.
• Learn about dental implants.
• Learn about oral pathology.
• Learn about orthodontics.

INACOL Online Course Quality Standards

Academic Content Standards and Assessments Rating Comments
The goals and objectives clearly state what the participants will know or be able to do at the end of the course. The goals and objectives are measurable in multiple ways. Partially Met Learning objectives are provided at the beginning of each unit (chapter). Objectives are met via reading content as well as a variety of interactive activities including quick checks and chapter tests in addition to the learning labs and study tools.
The course content and assignments are aligned with the state’s content standards, Common Core curriculum, or other accepted content standards set for Advanced Placement® courses, technology, computer science, or other courses whose content is not included in the state standards. Partially Met Alignment available for reference.
The course content and assignments are of sufficient rigor, depth and breadth to teach the standards being addressed. Fully Met
Information literacy and communication skills are incorporated and taught as an integral part of the curriculum. Partially Met Opportunities to practice information literacy and communication skills are incorporated.
Multiple learning resources and materials to increase student success are available to students before the course begins. Fully Met Information is available in syllabus and course overview; details clarify policies and offer suggestions for student success. An online orientation and videos are also offered (ORN010).
Course Overview and Introduction Rating Comments
Clear, complete course overview and syllabus are included in the course. Fully Met MindTap's Learning Path provides an overview of the course. A detailed syllabus, customized by the teacher at the start of each course is available in the Course Materials in D2L.
Course requirements are consistent with course goals, are representative of the scope of the course and are clearly stated. Partially Met
Information is provided to students, parents and mentors on how to communicate with the online instructor and course provider. Fully Met Located on the home page under Teacher Contact Information and in the syllabus.
Legal and Acceptable Use Policies Rating Comments
The course reflects multi-cultural education, and the content is accurate, current and free of bias or advertising. Fully Met
Expectations for academic integrity, use of copyrighted materials, plagiarism and netiquette (Internet etiquette) regarding lesson activities, discussions, and e-mail communications are clearly stated. Fully Met Academic Integrity guidelines are provided to each student in each course. The policy is located in the Course Materials section of each course. Specific academic integrity policies are developed by each school and are found in the school's policy handb
Privacy policies are clearly stated. Fully Met http://www.k12.com/privacy_policy/
Instructor Resources Rating Comments
Online instructor resources and notes are included. Fully Met Instructional resources are available in course materials.
Assessment and assignment answers and explanations are included. Partially Met Auto-graded assignments deliver answers and some assignments also deliver explanations. Instructor resources for the course including answer keys and scoring guides for dropbox assignments are located in the Course Materials.
Instructional and Audience Analysis Rating Comments
Course design reflects a clear understanding of all students’ needs and incorporates varied ways to learn and master the curriculum. Partially Met Auto-graded assignments deliver answers and some assignments also deliver explanations. Instructor resources for the course including answer keys and scoring guides for dropbox assignments are located in the Course Materials.
Course, Unit and Lesson Design Rating Comments
The course is organized by units and lessons that fall into a logical sequence. Each unit and lesson includes an overview describing objectives, activities, assignments, assessments, and resources to provide multiple learning opportunities for students to master the content. Fully Met Instructor can adjust the pacing of course, alter assignments, and offer additional practice or extended learning in synchronous sessions to meet individual student needs.
Instructional Strategies and Activities Rating Comments
The course instruction includes activities that engage students in active learning. Fully Met
The course and course instructor provide students with multiple learning paths, based on student needs that engage students in a variety of ways. Partially Met Can be fully met when implemented at the school; local policies
The course provides opportunities for students to engage in higher-order thinking, critical reasoning activities and thinking in increasingly complex ways. Fully Met
The course provides options for the instructor to adapt learning activities to accommodate students’ needs. Partially Met Instructors can add content or hide or move assessment for all students, but not for individual students. Individual assessments can be modified exempting point values.
Readability levels, written language assignments and mathematical requirements are appropriate for the course content and grade-level expectations. Fully Met
Communication and Interaction Rating Comments
The course design provides opportunities for appropriate instructor-student interaction, including opportunities for timely and frequent feedback about student progress. Fully Met Interaction includes synchronous sessions, office hours, and email or voice contact. Students can monitor their own progress in the online gradebook. Most schools set policies for timely responses to student communication and updates of course progress an
The course design includes explicit communication/activities (both before and during the first week of the course) that confirms whether students are engaged and are progressing through the course. The instructor will follow program guidelines to address non-responsive students. Fully Met Fully met when implemented at the school; local policies
The course provides opportunities for appropriate instructor-student and student-student interaction to foster mastery and application of the material. Fully Met Teachers communicate regularly with students via email and telephone. In general, there are two exchanges per week. Students know how to contact the instructor (via phone and I email) and are encouraged to do so whenever needs arise. Teachers are required
Resources and Materials Rating Comments
Students have access to resources that enrich the course content. Fully Met Learning object repository in D2L is designed to support additional resources.
Evaluation Strategies Rating Comments
Student evaluation strategies are consistent with course goals and objectives, are representative of the scope of the course and are clearly stated. Fully Met
The course structure includes adequate and appropriate methods and procedures to assess students’ mastery of content. Fully Met
Feedback Rating Comments
Ongoing, varied, and frequent assessments are conducted throughout the course to inform instruction. Fully Met
Assessment strategies and tools make the student continuously aware of his/her progress in class and mastery of the content. Fully Met
Assessment Resources and Materials Rating Comments
Assessment materials provide the instructor with the flexibility to assess students in a variety of ways. Partially Met There are multiple different activity types offered for assessments directly on the learning path. The CNOW app allows the instructor to edit quizzing and create their own assignments using the existing question pool.
Grading rubrics are provided to the instructor and may be shared with students. Partially Met Instructor resources for the course include including answer keys and scoring guides for dropbox assignments.
The grading policy and practices are easy to understand. Partially Met Grading information docs and pacing guides are provided.
Course Architecture Rating Comments
The course architecture permits the online instructor to add content, activities and assessments to extend learning opportunities. Fully Met
The course accommodates multiple school calendars; e.g., block, 4X4 and traditional schedules. Fully Met
User Interface Rating Comments
Clear and consistent navigation is present throughout the course. Partially Met
Rich media are provided in multiple formats for ease of use and access in order to address diverse student needs. Partially Met The reader contains ReadSpeak functionality which allows the student to have reading content read aloud to them.
Technology Requirements and Interoperability Rating Comments
All technology requirements (including hardware, browser, software, etc...) are specified. Fully Met Technology Requirements are found on the K12 website and explained during course orientation: HS: http://www.k12.com/high-school-course-list/technical-requirements.html
Prerequisite skills in the use of technology are identified. Not Met Can be fully met when implemented at the school; local policies
The course uses content-specific tools and software appropriately. Fully Met
The course is designed to meet internationally recognized interoperability standards. Fully Met IMS Global Learning Consortium-Product List for Cengage Learning
Copyright and licensing status, including permission to share where applicable, is clearly stated and easily found. Fully Met http://www.k12.com/ip-policy.html http://www.k12.com/copyright_policy/ http://www.k12.com/online-educational-products-services-agreement-terms.html
Accessibility Rating Comments
Course materials and activities are designed to provide appropriate access to all students. The course, developed with universal design principles in mind, conforms to the U.S. Section 504 and Section 508 provisions for electronic and information technology as well as the W3C’s Web Content Accessibility guidelines (WCAg 2.0). Partially Met K12 encourages full compliance for WCAg 2.0 Level A and AA
Data Security Rating Comments
Student information remains confidential, as required by the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA). Fully Met Can be fully met when implemented at the school; local policies
Accessing Course Effectiveness Rating Comments
The course provider uses multiple ways of assessing course effectiveness. Partially Met Peer review and biannual family and student evaluations of courses are available at K12. A feedback system for families, mentors, teachers, and students helps to monitor and evaluate course effectiveness. Internal review of student success helps inform an
The course is evaluated using a continuous improvement cycle for effectiveness and the findings used as a basis for improvement. Partially Met MindTap activity is assessed for improvement of new releases every 3-4 years of programs.
Course Updates Rating Comments
The course is updated periodically to ensure that the content is current. Partially Met MindTap updates courses every 3-4 years.
Certification Rating Comments
Course instructors, whether faceto-face or virtual, are certificated and “highly qualified.” The online course teacher possesses a teaching credential from a state-licensing agency and is “highly qualified” as defined under ESEA. Fully Met Teachers must meet professional teaching requirements set by the state.
Instructor and Student Support Rating Comments
Professional development about the online course delivery system is offered by the provider to assure effective use of the courseware and various instructional media available. Fully Met Instructors complete comprehensive virtual training, including use of courseware and media, before the school year begins.
The course provider offers technical support and course management assistance to students, the course instructor, and the school coordinator. Fully Met Students receive 24/7 technical support and course management through Customer Care: 866.K12CARE (866.512.2273). Instructors and School Coordinators have 24/7 support through Academic Services Helpdesk, school-based technology managers, and Operations Ma
Course instructors, whether face-to-face or virtual, have been provided professional development in the behavioral, social, and when necessary, emotional, aspects of the learning environment. Fully Met Instructors participate in professional development that focus on building skills and competencies to meet the needs of students and their families. A catalog of 400+ professional development offerings for educators to choose from are available at K12trai
Course instructors, whether face-to-face or virtual, receive instructor professional development, which includes the support and use of a variety of communication modes to stimulate student engagement online. Fully Met Instructors complete virtual training before the start of school and ongoing support and training, including an instructional coach and mentor (for new teachers) to help them build communication skills via multiple modalities.
The provider assures that course instructors, whether face-to-face or virtual, are provided support, as needed, to ensure their effectiveness and success in meeting the needs of online students. Fully Met Fully met when implemented at the school; local policies
Students are offered an orientation for taking an online course before starting the coursework. Fully Met Students attend an online orientation course (ORN010); they also participate in synchronous orientations with local school staff.

Review Conducted By : Fuel Education LLC (formerly Aventa Learning)
Date of Review : 08/29/2018

Pharmacology
• Identify terms related to drugs, pharmacology, and medicines.
COURSE INFORMATION
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• Identify the difference between drug brand names and generic names.
• Identify the parts of a written prescription.
• Identify the texts pertinent to pharmacology.
• Give the English meanings of the Latin abbreviations used for prescriptions.
• Specify the drug laws and who enforces them.
• Identify the schedules for the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970.
• Identify the routes through which drugs can be administered.
• Demonstrate an understanding of the drugs used in dentistry, and the ways in which they are used.
• Summarize the uses and effects of nicotine, caffeine, alcohol, marijuana, and cocaine.
• Summarize information about heroin, morphine, and codeine.
• Supply information about amphetamines.
• Demonstrate an understanding of hallucinogenic drugs such as LSD, PCP, and mescaline.
• Demonstrate an understanding of barbiturates.
Emergency Management
• Describe several emergency situations that may take place in the dental office. Explain how dental assistants can be prepared for these possibilities.
• Describe the CAB approach to CPR and demonstrate the associated skills.
• Define the terms and anatomy used in CPR delivery. Determine if the patient is unconscious and demonstrate knowledge of how to open the airway, as well as when and how to deliver chest compressions.
• List and describe several causes of airway obstructions in the dental office. Demonstrate the ability to open the airway and to perform the Heimlich maneuver.
• List and describe the signs and treatments for syncope, asthma, allergic reactions, anaphylactic reaction, hyperventilation, epilepsy, diabetes mellitus, hypoglycemia, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, and stroke/cerebrovascular accident.
• List and describe several dental emergencies that a patient may have, such as an abscessed tooth, alveolitis, avulsed tooth, broken prosthesis, soft tissue injury, broken tooth, and loose crown.
• Explain how a pulse oximeter, capnography, and electrocardiography work, and how they can be used in the dental office.
Introduction to the Dental Office and Basic Chairside Assisting
• Describe the design of a dental office, explaining the purpose of each area.
• Describe the equipment and function of the equipment in each area.
• Describe the daily routine to open and close the dental office.
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• Explain the basic concepts of chairside assisting.
• Identify the activity zones and classifications of motion.
• Describe the necessary steps to prepare the treatment room.
• Explain the necessary steps to seat the patient for treatment.
• Describe the ergonomics of the operator and the assistant at chairside.
• Describe the necessary steps to dismiss the patient after treatment is finished.
• Identify the special needs of certain patients.
Basic Chairside Instruments and Tray Systems
• Identify the parts of an instrument.
• Describe how instruments are identified.
• Identify the categories and functions of dental burs.
• Describe the types and functions of abrasives.
• Explain the various handpieces and attachments.
• Describe the types of tray systems and color-coding systems.
Instrument Transfer and Maintaining the Operating Field
• Describe the transfer zone.
• Define a fulcrum and tactile sensation.
• Describe the grasps, positions, and transfer of instruments for a procedure.
• List the eight rules for instrument transfer.
• Understand instrument transfer modification.
• Describe and demonstrate how to maintain the oral cavity.
• Explain the equipment used in the treatment of the oral cavity.
• Describe techniques for moisture control and isolation.
• Explain the expanded functions performed by the dental assistant.
• Explain the purpose of the dental dam and identify who places it on a patient.
• List and explain advantages and contraindications of the dental dam.
• Identify the armamentarium needed for the dental dam procedure and explain the function of each.
• Explain how to prepare the patient for dental dam placement and how to determine the isolation area.
• Describe and demonstrate how dental dam material is prepared.
• List and demonstrate the steps for placing and removing the dental dam.
• Explain and demonstrate the dental dam procedure for the child patient.
Anesthesia and Sedation
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• Describe the methods used to manage the pain and anxiety associated with dental procedures.
• Explain various topical anesthetics and their placements.
• Describe types of local anesthetics.
• Identify the injection sites for the maxillary and mandibular arches.
• Describe the equipment and materials needed to administer local anesthetic.
• List the steps for preparing for the administration of local anesthetic.
• Identify supplemental techniques to administer anesthetics.
• Discuss the role of nitrous oxide in the care of the dental patient.
• Demonstrate the ability to assist in the administration of nitrous oxide.
Introduction to Dental Radiography, Radiographic Equipment, and Safety Protection
• Identify uses of dental radiography.
• Explain the history of radiation and the use of the Hittorf-Crookes and Coolidge tubes.
• Describe the history of dental x-ray film.
• List the properties of radiation.
• Describe the radiation types.
• Identify the radiation units of measurements.
• Explain the biological effects of radiation exposure.
• Identify the components of a dental x-ray unit and explain the function of each component.
• Describe safety precautions when using radiation.
• Explain how an x-ray is produced.
• Describe the composition, sizes, types, and storage of dental x-ray film.
Production and Evaluation of Dental Radiographs
• Describe a diagnostic quality x-ray.
• Identify the means of producing quality radiographs.
• List and describe the types of film exposures, including periapical, bitewing, and occlusal radiographs.
• Explain the bisecting principle and technique.
• Explain and demonstrate the paralleling principle and techniques including a full-mouth radiographic survey and bitewing series.
• Describe and demonstrate taking radiographs on various patients, including occlusal, pediatric, edentulous, endodontic radiographs, and special needs/compromised patients.
• Describe manual film-processing equipment and technique. Demonstrate processing film, using the manual processing equipment.
• List and explain the composition of processing solutions used with manual and automatic processing equipment.
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• Describe automatic processing equipment and explain the technique.
• Explain and demonstrate how to mount dental x-rays.
• List common radiographic errors that occur during exposure, and processing of x-ray films.
• Explain and demonstrate how to duplicate dental radiographs.
• Describe the storage of final radiographs.
• Explain the legal implications, and radiology risk communication concerning dental radiographs taken in the dental office.
• List standardized procedures, and state policies that dental offices follow to ensure quality radiographs.
Extraoral and Digital Radiography
• Identify extraoral films and describe exposing techniques.
• Identify normal and abnormal radiographic landmarks.
• Identify imaging systems used for dental purposes.
• Explain the fundamental concepts of digital radiography.
• Identify and describe the types of digital imaging.
• Identify the components of digital radiography.
• Describe storage phosphor imaging.
• Identify the features used to enhance a digital image with various software programs.
• List and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of digital imaging.
• Explain the procedure for using digital radiography.
• Describe 3-D imaging systems.
Endodontics
• Define endodontics and describe what an endodontist does.
• Describe pulpal and periapical disease.
• Identify diagnostic procedures.
• Identify instruments used in endodontic procedures and describe their functions.
• Identify materials used in endodontics and describe their functions.
• Describe endodontic procedures and the responsibilities of the dental assistant.
• Describe endodontic retreatment.
• Explain surgical endodontic procedures and the instruments used.
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
• Describe the scope of oral and maxillofacial surgery.
• Identify the surgical instruments used in various types of surgery and describe their functions.
• Explain the aseptic procedures followed in the oral surgeon’s office.
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• Describe evaluation procedures for new patients.
• Describe how to prepare the patient for surgical treatment.
• Explain surgical procedures, including tray setups and assisting responsibilities.
• List and describe cancer and oral abnormalities detection.
• List and describe biopsy techniques.
• List the postoperative instructions given to patients.
• Explain postsurgical complications.
• Describe temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disease.
• Explain the oral surgeon’s relationship with the hospital.
• Explain the function of sutures and when they are placed.
• List the equipment and supplies needed for suture removal.
• Determine and identify the location and number of sutures and how to evaluate the healing process.
• Identify the following suture patterns: simple, continuous simple, sling, continuous sling, horizontal, and vertical mattress.
• List the basic criteria for suture removal.
• Explain the steps of removal for identified suture patterns.
Dental Implants
• Explain the considerations for dental implants, including patient preparedness.
• List the indications and contraindications for dental implants.
• List and describe the types of dental implants and explain the surgical procedures for placing the implants.
• Describe the dental implant surgery and identify the instruments and equipment.
• Explain the steps in the treatment sequence for dental implants.
• Discuss postoperative homecare and maintenance for the patient with dental implants.
Oral Pathology
• Define oral pathology and identify the dental assistant’s role in this specialty.
• Characterize the process of inflammation including acute and chronic inflammation.
• Identify oral lesions according to placement.
• Identify oral diseases and lesions related to biological agents.
• Describe oral diseases and lesions related to physical agents.
• Identify oral diseases and lesions related to chemical agents.
• Identify oral conditions related to hormonal disturbances.
• Identify oral conditions related to developmental disturbances.
• Distinguish among oral conditions related to nutritional disturbances.
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• Discuss oral cancer and its warning signs.
• Identify the conditions and lesions of oral neoplasms.
• Identify oral lesions related to HIV and AIDS.
• Describe the conditions related to miscellaneous disorders affecting the oral cavity.
Orthodontics
• Define orthodontics and describe the orthodontic setting.
• Define the role of the dental assistant in an orthodontic setting.
• Define and describe occlusion and malocclusion.
• Identify the causes of malocclusion.
• Describe preventive, interceptive, and corrective orthodontics.
• Explain the process of tooth movement.
• Describe the preorthodontic appointment for diagnostic records.
• Describe the consultation appointment and the roles of the assistant, patient, and orthodontist.
• Differentiate between fixed and removable appliances.
• Identify and describe the function of basic orthodontic instruments.
• Describe the stages of orthodontic treatment.
• Explain the procedure for removing orthodontic appliances and how the teeth are kept in position after appliance removal.

Term Type Enrollment Opens Enrollment Ends Random Draw Date Enrollment Drop Date Course Starts Course Ends # of Seats Course Fee Potential Additional Costs
Open Entry / Open Exit 07/01/2019 12/31/2019 100 $270.0000 0.0000
Drop Policy Completion Policy Term Type Enrollment Opens Enrollment Ends
Courses dropped within 2 weeks of enrollment will receive 100% refund Enrollments earning 60% or more of the total course points are considered course completions and will be charged the final 20% payment. Open Entry / Open Exit 07/01/2019 12/31/2019